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Basic principles of Ayurveda, the three doshas
Ayurveda is an intricate system of healing that originated in India thousands of years ago. It is a holistic system of medicine that uses a constitutional model. Ayurveda is not only a system of medicine but also a way of healthy living, aiming to provide guidance regarding food and lifestyle so that healthy people can stay healthy and folks with health challenges can improve their health.
Ayurveda understands that there are energetic forces that influence nature and human beings. These forces are called the three doshas, or tridoshas. In Ayurveda every person is considered a unique individual made up of five primary elements. The elements are ether (space), air, fire, water, and earth. Just as in nature, we too have these five elements in us. When any of these elements are present in the environment, they will in turn have an influence on us. The foods we eat and the weather are just two examples of the presence of these elements. While we are a composite of these five primary elements, certain elements are seen to have an ability to combine to create various physiological functions.
We are all made up of unique proportions of Vata, Pitta and Kapha. These ratios of the doshas vary in each individual. The constitution of the individual is decided by the predominant dosha. For example a person who has vata as the predominant dosha is generally tall and thin, has poor memory, is fearful ,anxious, nervous, has dry skin and low weak voice, has variable appetite and likes travelling. A person who has pitta predominnet will have strong willed and courageous and will tend towards fiery emotions, such as irritability or anger. A person with Kapha predominent will generally be heavily built, and will be kind, considerate and loyal, but will dislike changes of any kind.